Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) in Dubai, UAE?

A chronic autoimmune disease called rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can cause joint destruction, deformities, swelling, pain, and stiffness. In this condition, the immune system attacks the synovium, the membrane lining the joints. It causes the synovium to thicken and enlarge, which results in discomfort and swelling in the affected joints.


Who Gets Rheumatoid Arthritis in Dubai, UAE?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) can affect people of any age, but it most frequently develops in adults between 30 and 60 years old. Women are more commonly affected than men; genetic predisposition can increase the risk. While the exact cause is unclear, a combination of genetics, environmental factors, and hormonal influences likely contribute to its onset.


What Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis in Dubai, UAE is thought to be caused by various factors, while its specific aetiology is unknown. Here’s a brief overview of the potential causes:

  1. Genetics: There is a genetic component to RA. Specific genetic markers and variations are associated with an increased susceptibility to developing the condition. A family history of RA or other autoimmune disorders can raise the risk of developing the disease.
  2. Autoimmune Response: RA is classified as an autoimmune disorder, meaning the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its tissues. In the case of RA, the immune system targets the synovium (the lining of the membranes around joints), leading to inflammation and damage in the affected joints.
  3. Environmental Triggers: Environmental factors, such as infections, smoking, and exposure to certain pollutants, may play a role in triggering or exacerbating RA in individuals who are genetically predisposed to the disease.
  4. Hormonal Factors: Hormones, particularly estrogen, may contribute to the development and progression of RA. Women generally have higher estrogen levels and are more likely to develop RA than men. Menopause or pregnancy-related hormonal changes may have an impact on disease activity.
  5. Microbiome and Gut Health: Emerging research suggests a potential link between gut health and RA. The balance of gut bacteria and its influence on the immune system could trigger autoimmune responses in susceptible individuals.

Why Choose HBGMC for Rheumatoid Arthritis in Dubai, UAE?

Here are some reasons why you might choose HBGMC Medical Center for Rheumatoid Arthritis in Dubai, UAE:

  1. Specialized Expertise: Our centre houses a team of experienced rheumatologists and medical professionals specializing in treating RA, ensuring you receive the highest level of specialized care.
  2. Comprehensive Approach: Our approach to treating RA is comprehensive, integrating various medical, therapeutic, and lifestyle interventions to address all aspects of the condition.
  3. Cutting-edge Therapies: HBGMC stays up-to-date with the latest advancements in RA treatment, including biologics and targeted therapies, ensuring access to the most effective and innovative treatments.
  4. Personalized Treatment Plans: Our team designs customized treatment plans tailored to your unique needs, considering your medical history, disease severity, and lifestyle preferences.
  5. State-of-the-Art Facilities: With advanced imaging technologies and state-of-the-art facilities, we provide accurate diagnostics and monitoring, enabling precise and effective management of RA.
  6. Collaborative Care: At HBGMC, collaboration is vital. Our experts work together across disciplines to provide a well-rounded and cohesive treatment approach, ensuring all aspects of your health are addressed.

Diagnosis by HBGMC

  • Comprehensive Medical History: Our experienced medical team will engage in a detailed conversation with you to understand your medical history, including the onset and duration of your symptoms. Information about your family history of autoimmune disorders will also be gathered.
  • Physical Examination: Our skilled physicians will conduct a meticulous physical examination, focusing on joint assessment. We will check for signs of inflammation, such as swelling, redness, warmth, and any limitations in joint movement. We will also examine for other potential indicators, like nodules beneath the skin.
  • Advanced Blood Tests: Our centre offers advanced blood tests to aid in diagnosing RA. We will assess markers such as the Rheumatoid Factor (RF) associated with RA and the presence of Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide (anti-CCP) Antibodies, another characteristic indicator. Additionally, we will measure levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) to gauge the extent of inflammation in the body.
  • Imaging Expertise: Our state-of-the-art imaging facilities enable us to conduct ultrasounds to examine joints for any signs of damage, inflammation, or other relevant changes consistent with RA. We also provide access to easy X-rays and MRI imaging.
  • Synovial Fluid Analysis: A synovial fluid analysis may sometimes be performed. This procedure involves obtaining a sample of synovial fluid from an affected joint to assess inflammation levels and rule out other conditions.
  • Expert Clinical Evaluation: Our experienced rheumatologists follow established clinical criteria to aid in accurately diagnosing RA.

Does HBGMC provide a viable treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis in Dubai, UAE?

HBGMC Medical Center is at the forefront of providing effective and personalized treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Our comprehensive approach includes a range of medical therapies, such as NSAIDs, DMARDs, and cutting-edge biologics, to manage inflammation and slow disease progression. Our team of experts also collaborates to design personalized exercise routines, lifestyle adjustments, and joint protection strategies that complement medical interventions. Patients at HBGMC receive specialized care, benefitting from our dedication to improving RA outcomes through a holistic and patient-centred approach.


Things to Consider

  • Medication

Medications play a crucial role in managing Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) help alleviate pain and reduce inflammation. Disease-modifying antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) target the underlying immune response, slowing disease progression and preventing joint damage. Biologic DMARDs and Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitors are advanced treatments targeting immune components contributing to RA. Corticosteroids provide fast symptom relief but are used cautiously due to potential side effects. Consulting a doctor helps determine the most suitable medication based on your condition.

  • Exercise

Regular exercise is beneficial for people with RA. Low-impact activities like walking, swimming, and cycling help maintain joint flexibility, strengthen muscles, and improve overall fitness. Exercise also promotes joint mobility and reduces stiffness. However, balancing activity and rest is essential, avoiding overexertion that could worsen joint pain. Consulting a physical therapist helps create a tailored exercise plan considering your RA symptoms and limitations.

  • Adequate Rest

Rest is crucial for managing RA. Ensuring sufficient sleep and incorporating breaks throughout the day helps manage fatigue and allows your body to recover. During RA flares, when symptoms intensify, extra rest may be necessary to prevent exacerbation of pain and inflammation. Balancing activity with rest supports joint health and overall well-being. Consulting your healthcare provider about optimal rest and sleep strategies for your RA is recommended.


If you have Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), it's essential to:

  • Managing the disease can be significantly improved with early diagnosis and treatment.
  • Adhere to your doctor’s recommendations and treatment plan diligently for optimal results.
  • Be mindful of your joints by avoiding unnecessary strain and practising proper techniques for activities like lifting, carrying, and typing.
  • Participate in an exercise program tailored to your condition, designed by a team of medical experts. Regular physical activity helps maintain joint flexibility and overall well-being.
  • Prioritize restful sleep and incorporate daily breaks to manage fatigue and promote healing.
  • Be cautious of unverified remedies or miracle cures. Rely on evidence-based treatments recommended by qualified medical professionals.
  • Approach your condition with a positive mindset. With appropriate medical care and lifestyle adjustments, RA can be managed effectively.
  • Contact HBGMC for RA Diagnosis and Treatment: If you suspect you have RA or need comprehensive diagnosis and treatment, consider contacting HBGMC for expert care.

FAQS (Frequently Asked Questions)

What questions should I ask about rheumatoid arthritis?Here

When dealing with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), it’s essential to ask your healthcare provider questions that can help you understand your condition better. Ask about the nature of RA, its symptoms, and how it affects your body. Inquire about treatment options, potential side effects, and lifestyle changes that can improve your quality of life. Additionally, discuss strategies for pain management and inquire about support groups or resources to help you cope with RA effectively.

Why is RA difficult to diagnose?

Rheumatoid arthritis can be challenging to diagnose due to several factors. Its symptoms often mimic those of other conditions, leading to misdiagnosis. RA’s onset can be gradual, making it harder to pinpoint when symptoms began. Additionally, there is no single definitive test for RA; diagnosis typically involves a combination of clinical evaluation, blood tests, and imaging studies. Early detection is crucial for effective management, so if you suspect RA, consult a rheumatologist for a thorough evaluation.

What Are the First-Line Treatments for RA?

First-line treatments for rheumatoid arthritis typically focus on reducing inflammation, managing pain, and slowing the progression of the disease. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are commonly prescribed. DMARDs, such as methotrexate, are particularly important in early intervention to prevent joint damage. Additionally, lifestyle modifications, including exercise and physical therapy, play a crucial role in managing RA symptoms. Consult with a rheumatologist to determine the most suitable treatment plan tailored to your specific needs and disease severity.

What should you avoid with RA?

Managing rheumatoid arthritis involves making certain lifestyle adjustments to minimize discomfort and inflammation. People with RA should generally avoid high-impact activities that put excessive stress on their joints. It’s crucial to limit or eliminate tobacco and alcohol consumption, as they can exacerbate RA symptoms. A balanced diet that includes anti-inflammatory foods can be beneficial. Finally, individuals with RA should consult their healthcare providers for guidance on specific dietary restrictions or supplements to consider.

What Are the Extra-Articular Manifestations of RA, and How Common Are They?

Rheumatoid arthritis can affect not only the joints but also other parts of the body, leading to extra-articular manifestations. Common examples include rheumatoid nodules, lung involvement, heart complications, and eye issues. While not all individuals with RA will experience these manifestations, they can significantly impact overall health. Regular monitoring and early intervention are essential to manage these extra-articular manifestations effectively, underscoring the importance of a comprehensive care approach in RA management.